Voyage en Orient et en Espagne Vol. 5: Monuments & Sites pittoresques de l'Egypte
Louis de Clercq (French, 1837–1901)
H. Jannin (French)
J. Blondeau et Antonin
Albumen silver prints from paper negatives
21.6 x 28.4 cm (8 1/2 x 11 3/16 in.)
Gilman Collection, Gift of The Howard Gilman Foundation, 2005
Not on view
Parting with Rey's expedition in Jerusalem in December 1859, de Clercq, a young man who had independent means and influential family connections, continued on his own to photograph sites of historical and archaeological interest in Palestine and Egypt. This view shows the principal gate to the sanctuaries at Dendera, constructed during the Roman period under the reign of Domitian (a.d. 81-96). Here, more than in any of his other photographs, de Clercq used the intense desert light and the highly geometric character of Egyptian architecture to dramatic effect. Confronted with this startling interplay of positive and negative forms, the viewer may wonder whether the artist cut and pasted these flat forms like an abstract collage, or whether it is the legerdemain of ancient architects and the folly of time that have suspended these massive stones over a void seemingly more solid and substantial than the architecture itself. This plate appears in de Clercq's fifth volume of photographs, "Voyage en Orient. Monuments & sites pittoresques de l'Egypte." The set of volumes in the Gilman collection was presented by de Clercq to the Count de Tanlay, a career military officer who led a division of the Imperial Guard in important battles of the war against Austria and in support of Italian unification in 1859. One may speculate that de Clercq knew de Tanlay through his own service during the same period as a courier between Paris and the imperial court at the battlefront.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Inscription: Volume inscribed: "A Monsieur le Comte de Tanlay // Hommage de l'auteur // Louis de Clercq"; each image titled and numbered with seal stamped on page below images
Count de Tanlay; [François Braunschweig]; Gilman Paper Company Collection, New York, September 1, 1979
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," May 25, 1993–July 4, 1993.
Edinburgh International Festival, Edinburgh, Scotland. "The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," August 7, 1993–October 2, 1993.
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," June 19, 1994–September 11, 1994.
Louis de Clercq: Voyage en Orient. Stuttgart: Rolf Mayer/Cantz, 1989.
Hambourg, Maria Morris, Pierre Apraxine, Malcolm Daniel, Virginia Heckert, and Jeff L. Rosenheim. The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993. no. 66.
Rolf Mayer/Cantz publications includes a catalogue raisonne of the de Clerq oeuvre. All the plates are reproductions of the 222 prints in the Gilman collection. This is also one of ten known sets (some incomplete). (See p. 83 of R. Mayer/Cantz publication)