Seated Male Figure, Wood, glass, metal, kaolin, Kongo peoples, Kakongo group

Seated Male Figure

mid to late 19th century
Angola or Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kongo peoples, Kakongo group
Wood, glass, metal, kaolin
H. 11 1/2 in. (29.2 cm)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Louis V. Bell Fund, Mildred Vander Poel Becker Bequest, Amalia Lacroze de Fortabat Gift, and Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1996
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 352
In Kongo culture, figurative sculptures delineate and concretize the threshold between the worlds of the living and the dead. Displayed in shrines, a series of wood sculptures depicting a male figure flanked by a courtly entourage of wives, attendants, and retainers served to honor and commemorate the memory of important individuals. Such representations are part of a complex of art forms which afforded access to influential ancestors and which were also appreciated for their aesthetic excellence.

This idealized image of a leader once constituted the central protagonist of such a grouping. His meditative stance reflects simultaneously upon his destiny in the other world and his ongoing responsibilities to the living. The figure's chiefly identity is revealed through both the distinctive posture and the signs of rank that include a patterned hat, filed teeth, and decorative scarification patterns.

The Kongo artist responsible for this work captured a great deal of expression in the figure's contemplative facial features; the bold rendering of the torso and the positioning of the arms also convey a sense of dynamism in repose.
Mariette Henau, Antwerp, Belgium, 1970s through 1996; [Alan Brandt, New York, until 1996]