Art/ Collection/ Art Object

The Zouave

Artist:
Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, Zundert 1853–1890 Auvers-sur-Oise)
Date:
ca. June 20, 1888
Medium:
Reed pen and brown ink, wax crayon and watercolor, over graphite; wove paper
Dimensions:
12 3/8 x 9 5/16 in. (31.5 x 23.6 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Gift of Emanie Philips, 1962
Accession Number:
62.151
Not on view
During a spell of torrential rain that interrupted his harvest series (June 20–24), Van Gogh made his first real effort at portraiture in Arles. Two days into his campaign, he announced to Theo: "I have a model at last—a Zouave—a boy with a small face, a bull neck, and the eye of the tiger." The present work served as a color study for his bust-length portrait of the dashing young soldier. In the oil painting, Van Gogh heightened the "savage combination of incongruous tones," fleshed out the character's likeness, and placed him in a convincing setting. That July he sent the watercolor, with dedicatory inscription, to his "comrade Émile Bernard."
Signature: pen and brown ink, upper right: à mon cher copain / Emile Bernard / vincent

Inscription: Inscribed in pen and brown ink at upper right corner: à mon cher copain / Emile Bernard / vincent
Émile Bernard (French, Lille 1868–1941 Paris), until at least 1892Sent to Bernard by Van Gogh; sold Hôtel Drouot, Paris, May 8, 1907, lot 49; Emile Druet (French),Paris, by 1913 (Druet photo no. 42159); Raoul de Gunzbourg (Geneva); Galerie d'art C. Moos (Geneva); Paul A. Adamidé Bey (Geneva); Walter E. Sachs (New York)by 1929; to his former wife; Emanie Nahm Arling Philips, New York, 1939; Donor: Emanie Nahm Arling Philips
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. "Van Gogh in Arles," October 18, 1984–December 30, 1984.

Rijksmuseum. "Vincent van Gogh Drawings," March 30, 1990–July 29, 1990.

Kröller-Müller Museum. "Vincent van Gogh Drawings," March 30, 1990–July 29, 1990.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," May 5, 1998–September 14, 1998.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," November 30, 1998–February 8, 1999.

Morgan Library & Museum. "Vincent van Gogh, Painted with Words: The Letters to Émile Bernard," September 28, 2007–January 6, 2008.

Graphische Sammlung Albertina. "Van Gogh: Heartfelt Lines," September 5, 2008–December 8, 2008.

Royal Academy of Arts. "The Real Van Gogh: The Artist and his Letters," January 23, 2010–April 18, 2010.

Faille 1482; Hulsker 1487; Pickvance 1984, 62; Amsterdam - New York 2005, 77
Vincent van Gogh Lettres à Emile Bernard. Paris, 1911, fig. no. pl. LXXXI, ill.

Gustave Coquiot Vincent van Gogh. Paris, 1923, p. 315.

J. B. de La Faille L'Oeuvre de Vincent van Gogh. vol. 3, Paris and Brussels, 1928, cat. no. 1482, fig. no. CLXV, p. 146, ill.

Vincent van Gogh, letters to Emile Bernard. Edited by Douglas Lord, London, 1938, p. 39.

"Van Gogh and John Russell: some unknown letters and drawings." in Burlington Magazine. LXXII, 1938, pp. 1, 8, ill.

Verzamelde brieven van Vincent van Gogh. Wereld Bibliotheek, Amsterdam, vol. 3, Amsterdam, 1953, fig. no. letter 501, 502, pp. 239, 243.

Jacob Bean "Ninety-third Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year 1962-1963: Reports of the Departments." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, n.s. vol. 22, no. 2, New York, October 1963, pp. 62-3, ill.

Jacob Bean, Helen Bobritzky Mules Notable Acquisitions, 1981-1982: Drawings. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1982, p. 44, ill.

Ronald Pickvance, Johannes van der Wolk Vincent van Gogh, Drawings Exh. cat., Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo. Milan, 1990.

Colta Ives, Susan Alyson Stein, Sjraar van Heugten, Marije Vellekoop, Marjorie Shelley, Silvia A. Centeno Vincent van Gogh: The Drawings. Exh. cat. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2005, 226,227,271,272,342,349,350,351-53,355n.32,356-57,358, cat. no. 77, fig. no. 183,250,263,259, pp. 29,37,222-23, ill.

Leo Jansen, Hans Luijten, Nienke Bakker Vincent van Gogh, Painted with Words: The Letters to Émile Bernard Exh. cat., Morgan Library & Museum, New York, September 28, 2007-January 6, 2008. New York, 2007, pp. 198-200, ill. p. 198, fig. 37.

Dr. Klaus Albrecht Schröder, Heinz Widauer, Sjraar van Heugten, Marije Vellekoop Van Gogh: Heartfelt Lines. Exh. cat., Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna, Sept. 5-Dec. 8. Cologne, 2008, cat. no. 96, ill.

Ann Dumas, Leo Jansen, Hans Luijten, Nienke Bakker The Real Van Gogh: The Artist and His Letters. Exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts, London, January 23-April 18, 2010. London, 2010, cat. no. 75, ill.

The Armory Show at 100: Modernism and Revolution. Exh. cat., New-York Historical Society, October 11, 2013-February 23, 2014. Marilyn Satin Kushner, Kimberly Orcutt, London, 2013, p. 297, ill. p. 298, fig. 231.



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