Picasso made these two prints beginning January 8, 1937. Each is subdivided into three rows of three scenes that together form an eighteen-scene narrative. The prints were intended as propaganda against the regime of Generalissimo Franco; they were produced on postcards and sold for the benefit of the Spanish Republican Government. Since Picasso worked on the images from left to right, the etched versions (printed in reverse) read from right to left. In the second plate, starting at upper right, the Fascist general Franco is depicted as a monstrous grinning figure, devouring the innards of his own horse, which he has just killed; the next two scenes show the results of battle; and in the next two, Franco is in combat with an angry bull, representing Spain. The last four scenes were added on June 7; six weeks after the Basque town of Guernica was leveled by bombs. Three of the last four scenes of this print relate to his studies for the mural Guernica, now in Madrid.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Signature: Stamped in ink lower right: "Picasso"
Inscription: In graphite lower left: "283/850"
Mr. and Mrs. E. Powis Jones; Donor: Mr. and Mrs. E. Powis Jones
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," November 30, 1998–February 8, 1999.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," January 9, 2006–April 6, 2006.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Picasso in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 27–August 1, 2010.