Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Mandala of Chandra, God of the Moon

early Malla period
late 14th–early 15th century
Nepal (Kathmandu Valley)
Distemper on cloth
Overall: 16 x 14 1/4 in. (40.6 x 36.2 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Uzi Zucker, 1981
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 251
The center of this mandala depicts the moon god Chandra flanked by two female archers who shoot arrows of light to drive away the darkness. Chandra holds two lotuses and rides a chariot pulled by seven geese, an arrangement that parallels depictions of the sun god Surya, whose chariot is pulled by horses. Surrounding the central tableau are the nine planetary deities, which includes another depiction of Chandra. Across the top of the painting are the five directional buddhas (tathagatha) flanked by bodhisattvas at either end. The bottom register is divided into three panels that depict, from left to right, a ceremony, a group of musicians and dancers, and a group of patrons. Worship of the moon god Chandra was popular in Nepali Buddhism in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, although it appears to have declined thereafter.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Crowns of the Vajra Masters: Ritual Art of Nepal," December 16, 2017–December 16, 2018.

Related Objects

Acala with Consort Vishvavajri

Date: 1525–50 Medium: Distemper on cloth Accession: 2012.456 On view in:Gallery 251

Acala, The Buddhist Protector

Date: 15th century Medium: Distemper and gold on cloth Accession: 1994.452 On view in:Gallery 251

Bodhisattva, Probably Amoghapasa Lokeshvara

Date: 14th–15th century Medium: Wood with traces of gesso and color Accession: 1982.247 On view in:Gallery 252


Date: 10th–11th century Medium: Gilt-copper alloy Accession: 1986.501.8 On view in:Gallery 252

The Bodhisattva Padmapani Lokeshvara

Date: 11th century Medium: Copper alloy with gilding and semiprecious stones Accession: 1982.220.2 On view in:Gallery 252