- Attributed to Hans Greiff (German, active ca. 1470–died 1516 Ingolstadt)
- 15th–16th century
- Made in Ingolstadt, Bavaria, Germany
- Horn, gilded silver mounts and cover
- Overall: 9 1/2 x 2 9/16 x 3 1/16 in. (24.1 x 6.4 x 7.8 cm)
vessel (a) only: 6 1/8 x 2 9/16 x 3 1/16 in. (15.6 x 6.4 x 7.8 cm)
Lid (b) only: 3 1/4 x diam. 2 13/16 in. (8.3 x diam. 7.2 cm)
- Ivories-Horn, Metalwork-Silver
- Credit Line:
- Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
- Accession Number:
- 17.190.496a, b
The size of the section of mountain goat (ibex) horn from which this beaker was fashioned dictated its scale. Though small, the beaker is handsomely mounted, a reminder that drinking vessels, particularly the more elaborate ones, of the late Gothic period, were intended not only for use but for display.
The use of horn as a material for drinking vessels was not uncommon, although the exploitation of the natural protrusions of this ridged horn as a grip is an unusual feature. The basic form, however, is essentially that of a traditional beaker, a cylinder with a slightly flared mouth and a flat base. This vessel rests on three feet in the form of mountain goats of the type from which the horn came. The embossed, lobed cover, executed in a technique popular in Germany, has a repoussé lion on the inside and is surmounted by a finial of a man carrying a shield with no armorial bearings. The cup does, however, bear the town mark of Ingolstadt, which securely establishes its provenance.
Marking: (Town mark of Ingolstadt)
Baron Albert Oppenheim, Cologne(sold 1906); J. Pierpont Morgan (American), London and New York (1906–1917)
New York. The Cloisters Museum & Gardens. "The Secular Spirit: Life and Art at the End of the Middle Ages," March 28, 1975–June 15, 1975.
Molinier, Émile. Collection du Baron Albert Oppenheim: Tableaux et objets d'art, catalogue précédé d'une introduction. Paris: Librairie Centrale des Beaux-Arts, 1904. no. 142, p. 61, pl. LXXXVI.
Müller, Theodor. Ingolstadt. Grosse Kunstführer, Vol. 24. Munich: Schnell & Steiner, 1958. pp. 22–23, fig. 12.
Husband, Timothy B., and Jane Hayward, ed. The Secular Spirit: Life and Art at the End of the Middle Ages. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1975. no. 36, p. 43.