Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Cameo with Hercules and the Nemean Lion within a Garland

ca. 1220–40
South Italian
Sardonyx with modern gold frame
Overall: 1 5/8 x 1 7/16 x 5/16in. (4.2 x 3.6 x 0.8cm)
Lapidary Work-Sardonyx
Credit Line:
The Milton Weil Collection, 1938
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 304
The court of Frederick II actively promoted the collecting and creation of cameos based upon antique subjects, styles and techniques. Here the classical theme of Hercules and the Nemean lion is adapted from imagery on ancient Greek coins.
Milton Weil Collection, Vienna (until 1938)
Kulturhistorisches Museum Magdeburg. "Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation, 962-1806. Von Otto dem Grossen bis zum Ausgang des Mittelaltars," August 28, 2006–December 10, 2006.

Mannheim, Germany. Reiss-Engelhorn-Museen. "Die Staufer und Italien: Drei Innovationsregionen im Mittelalterlichen Europa," September 19, 2010–February 20, 2011.

London. British Museum. "Sicily: Culture and Conquest," April 21, 2016–August 14, 2016.

Kris, Ernst. Catalogue of Postclassical Cameos in the Milton Weil Collection. Vienna, 1932. fig. 8.

Wentzel, Hans. "Italienische Siegelstempel und Siegel all'antico im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert." Mitteilungen des Kunsthistorischen Instituts in Florenz 6 (1955). p. 73ff.

Wentzel, Hans. "Die Mittelalterlichen Gemmen in den Sammlungen Italiens." Mitteilungen des Kunsthistorischen Instituts in Florenz 7 (1956). fig. 9.

Puhle, Matthias, and Claus-Peter Haase, ed. Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation, 962-1806: Von Otto dem Grossen bis zum Ausgang des Mittelalters. Volume 1, Catalogue. Dresden: Kulturhistorisches Museum Magdeburg, 2006. no. IV.75, pp. 284-85.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Cameo Appearances." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 65, no. 4 (Spring 2008). pp. 18-19, fig. 30.

Wieczorek, Alfred, Stefan Weinfurter, and Bernd Schneidmüller. Die Staufer und Italien: Drei Innovationsregionen im Mittelalterlichen Europa. Mannheim: Reiss-Engelhorn-Museen, 2010. no. III.D.4, p. 86.

Booms, Dirk, and Peter Higgs, ed. Sicily: Culture and Conquest. London: British Museum, 2016. p. 262, fig. 222.

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