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Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Enthroned Virgin and Child

Date:
ca. 1200–1250
Geography:
Made in probably Aragon or Navarre, Spain
Culture:
Spanish
Medium:
Ivory, traces of paint
Dimensions:
Overall: 5 3/16 x 2 1/8 x 1 7/16 in. (13.2 x 5.4 x 3.7 cm)
Classification:
Ivories
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1972
Accession Number:
1972.143
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 14
Although many ivory statues from medieval France survive, this enthroned Virgin and Child is a rare example from Spain. The wide open eyes, straight nose, rounded chin, and thick neck are typical of thirteenth- and fourteenth-century representations from the old kingdoms of Léon and Navarre. Both Virgin and Child are shown holding spherical objects (apples or orbs), symbols of authority that allude to Jesus as the new Adam and Mary as the new Eve. The Virgin is victorious; the devil in the form of a dragon lies vanquished under her feet.
Manuel Gómez-Moreno, Madrid (sold 1972)
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "One Hundred First Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 1972 through June 30, 1973." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 103 (1973). p. 46.

Pushkin Museum and State Hermitage Museum. Dekorativno-Prikladnoe Iskusstvo ot Pozdnei Antichnosti do Pozdnei Gotiki: Kratkii Katalog Vystavki. Moscow: Pushkin Museum, 1990. no. 61, pp. 12-13.

State Hermitage Museum. Dekorativno-Prikladnoe Iskusstvo ot Pozdnei Antichnosti do Pozdnei Gotiki. St. Petersburg: State Hermitage Museum, 1990. no. 61, pp. 128-129.



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