This chalice is one of an ensemble containing some of the elements needed for the celebration of the Eucharist: the paten for the bread (acc. no. 47.101.27), the chalice to hold the wine, and, exceptionally, a straw to sip the wine (acc. no. 47.101.28). The decoration of this chalice juxtaposes scenes from the life of Christ with those of Old Testament events that were considered to prefigure the New. The twelve apostles encircle the bowl of the chalice. The representation of Saint Trudpert on the paten indicates that the ensemble was made for the monastery dedicated to him near Freiburg im Breisgau, where he was martyred.
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Geography:Made in probably Freiburg im Breisgau, Upper Rhineland, Germany
Medium:Silver, gilded silver, niello, and jewels
Dimensions:Overall: 8 x 6 7/8 in. (20.3 x 17.5 cm)
Credit Line:The Cloisters Collection, 1947
Inscription: (on base, around Brazen Serpent medallion): + SeRPenS . In LIGnO . XPM [should be CHRISTUM] nOTAT . I[N] . CRVCe . PASSVM [EST] (the serpent on the wood marks [where] Christ suffered on the Cross)
(on base, around Moses and Burning Bush medallion): + nOn . ARDenS RVB9 [should be RVBVS] AnGeLICI . ReSeRACIO [should be REVELATIO] . VERBI (the non-burning bush [is] the revelation of the angelic word)
(on base, around Aaron’s Rod medallion): + F[LO]RIDA . VIRGA . nVCeM . FeRT . VIRGO . CVnCta FeRenTeM (the flowering rod bears fruit which produces a complete virgin)
(on base, around Noah’s Ark medallion): + ARCA + NOE + PRO + DILVVIO + BAPTISMA + FIGURA (The Ark of Noah through the flood prefigures Baptism)
(around rim of base): + QVI . MAnDVCAT . CARneM . meAM . eT . BIBIT . SAnGV . IneM . meVm . IN . Me . MAneT . [symbol for et] . eGO . IN . eO . DICIT DOmINVS (he who eats my flesh, drinks my blood, remains in me, and I in him, says the Lord)
From the Benedictine monastery of Saint Trudpert at Münstertal, near Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.; Alexander Petrovich Basilevsky, Paris (by 1878–1885) ; State Hermitage Museum (from 1885) ; [ Rosenberg & Stiebel, New York (1930s–sold half interest 1941 and 1942)] ; [ Brummer Gallery, Paris and New York (1941–sold 1947) ]
Palais du Trocadéro. "Exposition universelle internationale de 1878," May 1–November 10, 1878.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Year 1200: A Centennial Exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art," February 12–May 10, 1970.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Grand Gallery," October 19, 1974–January 5, 1975.
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