Art/ Collection/ Art Object

"Autumn Crocus" Vase

Designer:
Emile Gallé (French, Nancy 1846–1904 Nancy)
Manufacturer:
Établissements Gallé
Date:
ca. 1900
Medium:
Glass
Dimensions:
H. 17-3/8, W. 3-3/4 in. (44.1 x 9.5 cm.); base W. 4-1/2 inches (11.4 cm)
Classification:
Glass
Credit Line:
Gift of Lloyd and Barbara Macklowe, 1984
Accession Number:
1984.553
Not on view
Having learned glassmaking as a child by watching his father blow glass objects for the family's retail shop in Nancy, Gallé continued his studies in Weimar, Paris, and London. By 1874 he had become artistic director of his father's prosperous business and had begun to produce art glass in his own factory. During the 1880s and 1890s he made vast quantities of production-line lamps, vases, and tableware while developing original techniques for creating and decorating unique glass vessels, including marqueterie de verre, a technique inspired by inlaid decoration, or marquetry, in wood. Gallé pressed shaped pieces of hot glass into the pliable body of an object as it was being made; once the flat surface had cooled, it could be engraved, carved, or embellished with additional applications of glass. A student of botany and an enthusiastic gardener, Gallé was particularly taken with the naturalism of Art Nouveau; the elongated purple crocuses of fall, which he saw as a symbol of melancholic beauty, became the theme for a series of vases, including this one made in marqueterie de verre.
Inscription: Signed (engraved on lower body of vase): Gallé
Lloyd and Barbara Macklowe, New York (by 1982–84; their gift to MMA)

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "A Century of Design, Part I: 1900–1925," December 14, 1999–March 26, 2000, no catalogue.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Modern Design: Selections from the Collection," May 30–October 5, 2008, no catalogue.

Jane Adlin in "'Ars Vitraria': Glass in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 59 (Summer 2001), p. 61, ill. (color).

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