In antiquity, urns - covered vases without handles - were conceived as holders for the ashes of the dead. Vases, which could have handles, were used for a variety of purposes: utilitarian, ceremonial, or artistic. Urn and vase shapes have continued to inspire designers ever since.
During the 1910s and 1920s a classical revival dominated Scandinavian design. Danes and Swedes in particular made a push to develop their decorative arts industries, focusing their efforts on elegant and artistically conceived designs that would appeal to middle-class consumers. Stylistic unity characterizes their work, and the movement has come to be known as New Classicism or Nordic (or sometimes more specifically Swedish) Grace.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Inscription: Signed, dated, and inscribed (on base): Orrefors. Hald 475.1926 / W E
the manufacturer, Orrefors Glasbruk, Orrefors, Sweden (until 1927; sold to MMA)
Detroit Institute of Arts. "Arts and Crafts in Detroit 1906–1976: The Movement, the Society, the School," November 26, 1976–January 16, 1977, no. 186.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Classic/Fantastic: Selections from the Modern Design Collection," December 21, 2007–April 5, 2009.
Erik Wettergren. The Modern Decorative Arts of Sweden. Rev. English ed. (French ed., 1925). Malmö, 1926, p. 25.
Sheila K. Tabakoff inArts and Crafts in Detroit 1906–1976: The Movement, the Society, the School. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1976, p. 137, no. 186, ill.