Saint Eustace

Anselm Kiefer (German, born Donaueschingen, 1945)
Watercolor, gouache, and colored pencil on paper
8 1/8 x 10 5/8in. (20.6 x 27cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Cynthia Hazen Polsky, in memory of her father, Joseph H. Hazen, 2000
Accession Number:
Rights and Reproduction:
© Anselm Kiefer
Not on view
In this drawing Kiefer refers to the legend of Saint Eustace, a second-century A.D. Christian martyr who is the subject of a famously large and meticulously detailed engraving by Albrecht Dürer (Saint Eustace, ca. 1500-1501, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Fletcher Fund, 1919 (19.73.65). According to his legend, Eustace was a noble officer in the army of the Roman emperor Trajan, who, while hunting one day, encountered a stag. This magnificent animal bore a crucifix between his antlers and addressed the soldier in the name of Christ, converting Eustace to Christianity. Basing his image of the stag on photographs he took of a reindeer he saw during a trip to Norway in 1974, Kiefer replaces the crucifix with a radiant painter's palette.
Inscription: Inscribed (at bottom in watercolor): S. Eustachius; inscribed (lower right in ballpoint pen): für Julia
private collection (1974–83; sold in 1983 to d'Offay); [Anthony d'Offay Gallery, London, 1983–95; sold in 1995 to Polsky]; Cynthia Hazen Polsky, New York (1995–2000; on extended loan to MMA 1995–2000; her gift to MMA)

Kunstverein Freiburg. "Anselm Kiefer: Aquarelle 1970–1980," September 18–October 18, 1981, unnumbered cat. (as "St. Eustachius").

Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf. "Anselm Kiefer," March 24–May 5, 1984, no. 89 (as "St Eustache," 1975).

ARC/Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. "Anselm Kiefer," May 11–June 21, 1984, no. 89.

The Israel Museum, Jerusalem. "Anselm Kiefer," July 31–September 30, 1984, no. 89.

Sezon Museum of Modern Art. "Anselm Kiefer–Melancholia," June 3–July 19, 1993, no. W–10 (as "St. Eustachius," 1974–75).

National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto. "Anselm Kiefer–Melancholia," August 3–September 5, 1993, no. W–10.

Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art. "Anselm Kiefer–Melancholia," September 18–October 24, 1993, no. W–10.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Anselm Kiefer: Works on Paper in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," December 15, 1998–March 21, 1999, no. 14.

Duisburg. Museum Küppersmühle für Moderne Kunst. "Joseph Beuys, Anselm Kiefer: Zeichnungen, Gouachen, Bücher," June 29–September 30, 2012, unnumbered cat. (p. 194; as "Sankt Eustachius").

R. H. Fuchs. Anselm Kiefer. Exh. cat., Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven. Eindhoven, 1979, unpaginated, ill. (color), calls it "St. Eustachius".

Nan Rosenthal in "Recent Acquisitions: A Selection 1994–1995." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 53 (Autumn 1995), p. 68.

Nan Rosenthal. Anselm Kiefer: Works on Paper in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1998, p. 42, no. 14, ill. p. 43 (color).

Daniel Arasse. Anselm Kiefer. 2nd ed. [1st ed., 2010]. London, 2014, p. 101.