Donation Stela of Shabaqo

Third Intermediate Period

On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 125

From the Third Intermediate Period through the Saite Period a large number of stelae are preserved that, like this one, record the donation of land to temples. These give an unusually rich view into temple and land organization. Most often non-royal persons actually made the gift, and the gift was probably destined for the support of the donor's funerary cult. The donation was generally made through an intermediary somehow attached to the temple and who must have derived some benefit for his agency. For reasons of decorum, usually the reigning king was depicted as the official donor in the scene at the top. Probably because of the nature of land development, almost all such stelae relate to areas in the north of the country.

On this stela the pharaoh Shabaqo offers the hieroglyph for "field" to the god Horus of Pe and the goddess Wadjet, divinities of Buto, a city in the Nile delta. The text, which is mostly in hieratic - the cursive form of Egyptian writing, records a land donation by a man named Bakenatum on behalf of Paleles.

Donation Stela of Shabaqo, Limestone

Due to rights restrictions, this image cannot be enlarged, viewed at full screen, or downloaded.

Open Access

As part of the Met's Open Access policy, you can freely copy, modify and distribute this image, even for commercial purposes.


Public domain data for this object can also be accessed using the Met's Open Access API.