Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Model collar of Hapiankhtifi

Middle Kingdom
Dynasty 12
ca. 1981–1802 B.C.
From Egypt, Middle Egypt, Meir, Tomb of Hapiankhtifi, Mummy, Khashaba excavations, 1910–12
Wood, gold leaf, gesso, textile
W. 17 × Th. 1.5 cm (6 11/16 × 9/16 in.)
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1912
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 112
Elaborate broad collars were worn by the Egyptian elite for a variety of festival and religious occasions. These could be floral, made from actual plant material (see 09.184.214), or crafted from individual elements of faience, metal, or semi-precious stone (see 08.200.30). This model collar of wood, gilded and engraved with representations of small beads in rows, echoing an actual example, was found on the chest of Hapiankhtifi's mummy. A string would have been passed through the holes in the two ends and tied around the mummy's neck. Unlike a real collar, this is inflexible, emphasizing its character as a funerary model.
Purchased from Sayyid Pasha Khashaba by J. Pierpont Morgan and donated to the Museum, 1912.

Hayes, William C. 1953. Scepter of Egypt I: A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Part I: From the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 308.

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