A variety of objects were found during the clearing of Perneb's tomb including four canopic jars - containers used to store the four internal organs removed from the body during mummification. Perneb's canopic jars have simple convex lids and there is no inscription on the jars to indicate which internal organ would have been placed inside - this is typical of jars from the Old Kingdom. Starting in the Middle Kingdom, canopic jars often have lids in the form of a human head, and they are often inscribed with the name of one of the Four Sons of Horus, the deities who protected the internal organs. Beginning in the early New Kingdom, the jars often have four different lids which identify the individual deities (see 12.183.1).
From Saqqara, purchased from the Egyptian government, 1914.
Lythgoe, Albert M. and Caroline Ransom 1916. The Tomb of Perneb. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 22.
Mace, Arthur C. and Herbert E. Winlock 1916. The Tomb of Senebtisi at Lisht, Publications of the Metropolitan Museum of Art Egyptian Expedition, 1. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 52, note 4; 108, note 2.
Hayes, William C. 1953. Scepter of Egypt I: A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Part I: From the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 118, fig. 71.