This mummy contains the body of the priest Irtirutja. His mask and other cartonnage elements show repeatedly a winged scarab beetle with a sun disk, a symbol of regeneration. His elaborately decorated coffin (see 86.1.52a, b) features yet another scarab on the head, a broad collar with falcon-head terminals and various protective deities. The coffin’s inscription lists the paternal ancestors of seven earlier generations.
Excavated at Akhmim by the Egyptian Antiquities Service. Purchased from the Egyptian Government, 1886.
Thompson, Randall C., Adel H. Allam, Guido P. Lombardi, L. Samuel Wann, M. Linda Sutherland, James D. Sutherland, Muhammad Al-Tohamy Soliman, Bruno Frohlich, David Mininberg, Janet M. Monge, Clide M. Vallodolid, Samantha L. Cox, Gomaa Abd el-Maksoud, Ibrahim Badr, Michael I. Miyamoto, Abd el-Halim Nur el-din, Jagat Narula, Caleb E. Finch, and Gregory S. Thomas 2013. "Atherosclerosis across 4000 years of human history: the Horus study of four ancient populations." In The Lancet, March 10, p. 4.