Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Jar label fragments

New Kingdom
Dynasty 18
reign of Amenhotep III
ca. 1390–1352 B.C.
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Malqata, Palace of Amenhotep III, House 2.w, MMA excavations, 1911
Pottery, ink
H. 18.5 cm (7 5/16 in); max. w. 24 cm (9 7/16 in); th. 0.6-1.1 cm (1/4-7/16 in)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1917
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 117
Thousands of fragmentary storage jars were discovered during the Museum’s excavations at Malqata, a palace city built by Amenhotep III for the celebration of his 30-year festival (Heb-Sed). Many of the shoulder fragments have labels written in hieratic script, a cursive form of hieroglyphs. The texts frequently note the jar’s contents: wine, ale, fat, meat, etc. They also may provide the date, source, donor, and maker of the commodity as well as the occasion (the king’s Heb-Sed).

This label states that the original jar held wine bottled in year 37 of Amenhotep’s reign. The wine came from one of the king’s estates in the western Delta (in northern Egypt). The name of the vintner is broken off.
Museum excavations, 1916–17. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds, 1917.

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