Bodhisattva Manjushri as Tikshna-Manjushri (Minjie Wenshu), Gilt brass; lost-wax casting, China

明永樂 黃銅鎏金敏捷文殊菩薩像
Bodhisattva Manjushri as Tikshna-Manjushri (Minjie Wenshu)

Ming dynasty (1368–1644), Yongle period (1403–24)
Gilt brass; lost-wax casting
H. 7 1/2 in. (19.1 cm); W. 4 3/4 in. (12.1 cm); D. 3 1/2 in. (8.9 cm)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 2001
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 208
Manjushri holds a sword in his primary right hand and a volume of the Perfection of Wisdom Sutra (which rests on a small lotus) in his left. Remnants of a bow and arrow can be seen in his secondary hands, and the combination of the four implements identify the sculpture as a Tikshna- Manjushri, a manifestation that refers to the bodhisattva’s quick wit while further elucidating his position as an embodiment of spiritual wisdom.

The inscription at the front of the lotus pedestal indicates that it was cast during the reign of the Yongle emperor, who is known to have followed esoteric or Tibetan Buddhist practices and to have sponsored the production of numerous sculptures in a style derived from India and the Himalayas. The soft folds of the clothing are typical of works produced in imperial workshops, as are the delicacy of the details and the rich pink tones of the gilding.
#7343. Bodhisattva Manjushri as Tikshna-Manjushri (Minjie Wenshu), Part 1
#7457. Bodhisattva Manjushri as Tikshna-Manjushri (Minjie Wenshu), Part 2
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Signature: The phrase "Da Ming Yongle nian shi" (Great Ming Yongle year bestowed) is engraved on the front of the base. As is typical of Yongle bronzes, the base is sealed with an ungilded bronze plate incised with a crossed thunderbolt motif (visvavajra).

Inscription: Inscribed: Da Ming Yongle nian shi (bestowed in the Yongle era of the great Ming)

Marking: Yongle mark
[ J. J. Lally & Co. , New York, until 2001; sold to MMA]
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Douglas Dillon Legacy: Chinese Painting for the Metropolitan Museum," March 12, 2004–August 8, 2004.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Defining Yongle, Imperial Art in Early Fifteenth-Century China," April 1, 2005–July 10, 2005.