北宋 佚名 睢陽五老，畢世長像 冊頁 Portrait of Bi Shichang, from the set Five Old Men of Suiyang
Unidentified Artist Chinese, active 11th century
Northern Song dynasty (960–1127)
Album leaf; ink and color on silk
Image: 15 3/4 x 12 5/8 in. (40 x 32.1 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1917
Not on view
This portrait is one of a set that commemorates a gathering of five retired gentlemen at Suiyang, Henan Province. The sensitive delineation of features in contrast to the thick shaded brush lines of the garment reflects Tang dynasty conventions of official portraiture and a conservatism appropriate to the subject. Equally formal is the inscription written in regular script-a style also used for steles and official documents.
Two portraits from this set of five are at the Freer Gallery, Washington, D.C., and two are in the collection of the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Inscription: No artist’s inscription, signature, or seal
Unidentified artist, 1 column in standard script, ca. 1060:
Bi Shichang, retired Chief Minister of the Court of the National Granaries, age ninety-four (sui).
Unidentified Suiyang shijia 睢陽世家 Cheng ? 成囗
Note For the frontispiece and colophons originally attached to this set of portraits mounted separately as an album, see 17.136a–r.
[ Laiyuan & Company , until 1917; sold to MMA]
Washington D.C. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution. "Chinese Figure Painting," 1973.
New York. China Institute in America. "Treasures from the Metropolitan Museum," October 24, 1979–January 27, 1980.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The New Chinese Galleries: An Inaugural Installation," 1997.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "A Millennium of Chinese Painting: Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," September 8, 2001–January 13, 2002.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Chinese Painting, Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," August 28, 2004–February 20, 2005.
Shanghai Museum. "Masterpieces of Chinese Tang, Song and Yuan Paintings from America," November 3, 2012–January 3, 2013.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Chinese Painting from the Metropolitan Collection I," October 31, 2015–October 11, 2016.