Portrait of Madame Roland

Gilles Louis Chrétien French
After Jean Fouquet French

Not on view

In addition to hosting a salon that was an important meeting place for revolutionary politicians in Paris, Madame Roland played a powerful role behind the scenes by writing speeches and letters for her husband, Jean-Marie Roland de la Platière, who became minister of the interior in 1792. As a moderate Girondin, she opposed the violence of the more radical Jacobins and was arrested at the outset of the Terror, a period when thousands of perceived enemies of the Revolution were executed. Roland wrote her memoirs from prison before she was guillotined. During her lifetime, she sat for multiple physionotraces, a silhouette portrait technique invented by Chrétien.

Portrait of Madame Roland, Gilles Louis Chrétien (French, Versailles 1754–1811 Paris), Etching and aquatint

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