Outline of a Double Wall Sconce with Foliage in a Vase

Edgar Brandt French

Not on view

This group of fourteen drawings with designs for cast iron furniture were made by the Parisian firm of Edgar Brandt, known worldwide for its iconic pieces in wrought iron. The group includes presentation drawings and specification drawings for a range of different types of furniture, but predominantly focused on tables and lighting fixtures. Among the tables there are designs for freestanding tables, console tables and rolling bar carts. The lighting fixtures can be divided in chandeliers and wall sconces, some meant for candles, others for electrical light. Many of the drawings have inscriptions detailing measurements and/or scale, and for the majority a serial number is provided as well, which may allow for the identification of surviving pieces of furniture.

Edgar Brandt graduated from the École Nationale Professionelle de Vierzon in 1898. He opened a small atelier in Paris in 1901 where he began to produce jewelry after his own designs. Over time, he expanded his activities to include furniture with wrought-iron fixtures, lamps, and mounts for glass and ceramics in collaboration with René Lalique and Sèvres. An important turning point came in 1906, when he was commissioned to create the stair bannister for the Hôtel de Ville in Euville. It was this type of monumental, architectural ironwork that would establish his name on an international stage. His status was cemented further through his participation in the Exposition des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes in 1925. In the same year, he opened the Galerie Edgar Brandt at 27 Boulevard Malesherbes where he exhibited works of his peers alongside his own designs. In the years leading up to World War II, he opened a large factory complex outside of Paris, and operated from offices in Paris, New York, and London. During the 1920s and 1930s, Brandt’s iron work was internationally acclaimed and of great influence on other artists, especially in the United States. Due to his expertise in cast and wrought-iron work, Brandt was also involved in the war effort, both during the First and Second World War. During the 1950s, he was called on to apply his skills to the restoration efforts of historic iron work.

Outline of a Double Wall Sconce with Foliage in a Vase, Edgar Brandt (French, Paris 1880–1960) (and workshop), Black chalk over graphite underdrawing

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