Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (Spanish, 17461828)
Oil on canvas; 36 5/8 x 26 5/8 in. (93 x 67.6 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1906 (06.289)
The sheet of paper in the sitter's hand reads: "Don Sebastián Martínez by his friend Goya 1792." Martínez was a famous collector of books, prints, and paintings. He held the position of chief treasurer of the Finance Committee of Cádiz, a flourishing harbor town linked by trade with England and France; this perhaps explains why Martínez is dressed in the French fashion with a dark blue striped jacket and yellow breeches. This portrait was probably painted late in 1792, just before Goya contracted the illness that caused his deafness and affected him intermittently for the rest of his life. During his convalescence in 1793, he spent several months in Martínez's home.