H. 25 in. (63.5 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1907 (07.286.84)
Although literary works of the fifth century B.C. document that the Greeks understood the magnitude of their victory in the Persian Wars (490–479 B.C.), Greek artists almost never depicted major historical events or personalities in art. Instead, they represented grand mythological battles between Greeks and eastern adversaries, notably Amazons (mythical warrior women). During the first half of the fifth century B.C., large-scale wall paintings of such encounters decorated the Theseion and the Stoa Poikile (Painted Portico) in Athens. Their influence underlies the scenes on the volute-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) seen here.