Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Intaglio with a portrait of Empress Julia Domna, ca. 205–210; Severan
    Roman
    Beryl; H. 15/16 in. (2.4 cm)
    Fletcher Fund, 1925 (25.78.90)

    This likeness of the empress in intaglio is unique in its combination of spiral locks with features of an earlier hairstyle, and is thought to be a nostalgic work from the end of her husband's reign. The style typically worn by Julia Domna (99.35.218) in the early years of Septimius Severus' principate is characterized by parallel pleats or waves of hair that begin in a central part and continue down either side of the head, terminating in tubular coils at the neck. Marble portraits of the empress are easily recognizable by this hairstyle, nicknamed "the helmet" because of its solid and wiglike appearance, which seems to cover her natural hair that escapes in wisps from beneath the rows of curls.

    The style featured on this intaglio combines lengths of spiraled hair with these earlier, parallel pleats; they are visible just behind the coils that begin in the central part and run down either side of the face. The spirals continue to the back of the head, where they are curled upward and twisted into a large bun.

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    On view: Gallery 169
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  • Intaglio with a portrait of Empress Julia Domna, ca. 205–210; Severan
    Roman
    Beryl; H. 15/16 in. (2.4 cm)
    Fletcher Fund, 1925 (25.78.90)

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