The Archer and the Milkmaid, ca. 1610
Andries Stock (Dutch, ca. 1580–1648), after Jacques de Gheyn II (Dutch, 1565–1629)
Engraving; sheet 16 5/16 x 12 15/16 in. (41.4 x 32.8 cm)
The Elisha Wittelsey Collection, The Elisha Wittelsey Fund, 1949 (49.95.1331)
The well-bred artist Jacques de Gheyn treats the subject of milkmaids with more circumspection than is found in popular prints of the period. An archer with a bulging codpiece aims his crossbow right at the viewer, like Cupid hitting us between the eyes. The archer and his helpful companion (who wears his hat) reappear as lovers in the left background, where a stallion (presumably) ogles a mare. De Gheyn refers to slang expressions such as "milking" (see 41.1.24) and "shooting your bolt." The inscriptions were probably added by the publisher. The Latin verse lamely alludes to male anatomy while the Dutch text warns maidens of men with crossbows cocked.