Glass garland bowl

Early Imperial, Augustan
late 1st century B.C.
Glass; cast and cut
H. 1 1/2 in. (3.8 cm), diameter 7 1/8 in. (18.1 cm)
Credit Line:
Edward C. Moore Collection, Bequest of Edward C. Moore, 1891
Accession Number:
  • Description

    Colorless, translucent purple, translucent honey yellow, translucent cobalt blue, opaque yellow, and opaque white.
    Vertical, angular rim; convex curving side, tapering downwards; convex bottom.
    Four large segments of colorless, purple, yellow, and blue, and applied to the interior of the bowl at the center of each segment a hanging garland, comprising an inverted V-shaped white string above a U-shaped swag made up of a mosaic pattern formed from polgonal or circular sections of four different composite canes: one in a yellow ground with a white spiral, a second in a purple ground with yellow rods, the third in a colorless ground with white lines raditating from a central yellow rod, and the fourth in a blue ground a white spiral. The four different canes are arranged in pairs side by side but the order in which they are placed differs in each swag. On interior, a single narrow horizontal groove below rim.
    Intact, except for one small chip in rim; pinprick and larger bubbles; dulling, pitting of surface bubbles, faint iridescence on interior, and creamy iridescent weathering on exterior.
    This cast glass bowl is a tour-de-force of ancient glass production. It comprises four separate slices of translucent glass-purple, yellow, blue, and colorless-of roughly equal size that were pressed together in an open casting mold. Each segment was then decorated with an added strip of millefiori glass representing a garland hanging from an opaque white cord. Very few vessels made of large sections or bands of differently colored glass are known from antiquity, and this bowl is the only example that combines the technique with millefiori decoration. As such it represents the peak of the glass worker's skill at producing cast vessels.

  • Provenance

    Bertacchi, Luisa. 1981-83. "Region: Fruli - Venezia Giulia, Aquilea." Bulletin de l'Association Internationale pour l'Histoire du Verre 9: p. 100.

    Until 1891, collection of Edward C. Moore

  • References

    Eisen, Gustavus A. and Fahim Joseph Kouchakji. 1927. Glass: Its Origin, History, Chronology, Technic and Classification to the Sixteenth Century, Vol. 1. New York: W. E. Rudge, pl. 30b.

    Oliver, Andrew Jr. 1967. "Late Hellenistic Glass in the Metropolitan Museum." Journal of Glass Studies, 9: p. 17, figs. 6-7.

    Stern, E. Marianne and Birgit Schlick-Nolte. 1994. Early Glass of the Ancient World, 1600 B.C. A.D. 50: Ernesto Wolf Collection. Ostifildern, Germany: Verlag Gerd Hatje, p. 268.

    Arveiller-Dulong, Véronique, Marie-Dominique Nenna, and Musée du Louvre. 2000. Les Verres Antiques, Vol. 1. Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux-Grand Palais, pp. 140, 141, n. 8.

    Lightfoot, Christopher S. and Elisabetta Valtz Fino. 2001. "Ars Vitraria: Glass in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 59(1): p. 21.

    Pilosi, Lisa, Mark T. Wypyski, Dr. Christopher S. Lightfoot, and Elisabetta Valtz Fino. 2001. "Ars Vitraria: Glass in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 59(1): p. 68.

    Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 390, pp. 336, 483.

    Picón, Carlos A. 2009. "“Glass and Gold of the Hellenistic and Early Roman World”." Philippe de Montebello and the Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1977-2008, James R. Houghton, ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 18, fig. 24.

    Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2012. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 78.

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History