Athena, the patron goddess of Athens, wears an Attic helmet, a belted peplos, and over her chest the aegis, a protective goatskin given to her by her father Zeus. The remainder of this relief, which is preserved in Athens, shows that Athena was represented standing before an altar and a votive relief in her own sanctuary. The relief was probably dedicated to her to fulfill a vow made by the donor in return for Athena's assurance of success in some venture. Such exchanges of favors were essential to the relationship between the ancient Greeks and their gods.
Muscarella, Oscar White. 1974. Ancient Art: The Norbert Schimmel Collection no. 42, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Milleker, Elizabeth J. 1992. "Ancient Art: Gifts from The Norbert Schimmel Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 49(4): p. 49.
Milleker, Elizabeth J. 1993. "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 1992-1993." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 51(2): p. 49.
Mangold, Meret. 1993. Athenatypen auf attischen Weihreliefs des 5. und 4. Jhs. v. Chr.. no. 46, pl. 3, Bern: Institut für Klassische Archäologie der Universität Bern.
Vikela, Evgenia. 2005. "Griechische Reliefweihungen zu Athena." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung, 120: n. 58, p. 105, pl. 14.2.
Lawton, C. L. 2009. "Attic Votive Reliefs and the Peloponnesian War." Art in Athens During the Peloponnesian War, Olga Palagia, ed. no. 8, p. 83, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.