This sword pommel is decorated with the arms of Pierre de Dreux, Duke of Brittany, who was captured during the Seventh Crusade at the Battle of al-Mansurah in Egypt on February 8, 1250. He was later ransomed and released, but died during his return to France.
Louis Joseph Cartier, Paris (said to have been purchased in Damascus; by about 1928 until 1938; his gift to MMA).
Rome. Museo Nazionale di Castel Sant'Angelo. "Monaci in Armi," December 16, 2004–April 15, 2005.
Davis, Frank. "A Page for Collectors, Five Beautiful Sword-Hilts." Illustrated London News 179, issue 4824 (October 3, 1931). p. 534 (a wheel-pommel sword, with the Dreux arms in enamel).
Grancsay, Stephen V. "A French Crusader's Sword Pommel." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 34, no. 9 (September 1939). pp. 211–13, ill.
Hoffmeyer, Ada Bruhn. "Middelalderens Tveæggede Sværd: En Undersøgelse af dets Udviklingshistorie, Kronologi og Nationalitet, dets Stilling i den Almindelige Vabenhistoriske Udvikling og dets Krigsmæssige Betydning." PhD diss., Tøjhusmuseet, 1954. p. 14, no. 27, pl. XI (c–d).
Nickel, Helmut. "English Armour in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Connoisseur 172, no. 693 (November 1969). pp. 196–203, fig. 1.
La Rocca, Donald J. "Sword and Dagger Pommels Associated with the Crusades: Part I." Metropolitan Museum Journal 46 (2011). pp. 135–36, fig. 4.
Dundas, Roger. "Pommel: A Crusaders Sword." Arms Cavalcade: Journal of the Antique Arms Collectors Society of Australia (July 2016). p. 27, ill.