Until 1839, Praun collection formed before 1616 by Paulus Praun, Nürnberg; from 1839, collection of Mrs. Mertens-Schaaffhausen, Bonn (until d. 1857); 1859, purchased by George Eastwood from the estate of Mrs. Mertens-Schaaffhausen; before 1866, purchased by Rev. Charles W. King, Trinity College, Cambridge, England; 1881, purchased by John Taylor Johnston, New York, from Rev. Charles W. King, through Gaston L. Feuardent; acquired by the Museum in 1881, gift of John Taylor Johnston.
King, C.W. 1866. Antique Gems: Their Origin, Uses, and Value as Interpreters of Ancient History. London: John Murray, pl. XLIV.
King, C.W. 1872. Antique Gems and Rings. London: Bell and Daldy, pl. IV, no. 10.
King, C.W. 1881. The Johnston Collection of Engraved Gems in the Grand Hall. Handbook 9. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 31, no. 6.
King, C.W. 1885. Handbook of Engraved Gems. London: G. Bell & Sons, pl. IX, no. 3.
von der Osten, H.H. 1931. “Ancient Seals from the Near East in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.” Art Bulletin 13, pp. 233, 240, fig. 117.
Brunner, Christopher J. 1978. Sasanian stamp seals in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 14, p. 21.