Art/ Collection/ Art Object

The Virgin seated on a cloud

Artist:
Federico Barocci (Italian, Urbino ca. 1535–1612 Urbino)
Date:
1580–84
Medium:
Etching with some engraving
Dimensions:
sheet: 6 x 4 7/16 in. (15.2 x 11.3 cm)
Classification:
Prints
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1917
Accession Number:
17.50.18-147
Not on view
Although Federico Barocci produced only four prints, they were of great importance to the history of printmaking. Following the example of Parmigianino, a number of Italian artists from the 1530s used etching often with engraving to produce their prints. Barocci's example alerted artists throughout Europe to the potential of etching, which would become the dominant medium in the next century. Barocci's etchings were an important model for later printmakers such as Jacques Bellange (1575–1616) and Rembrandt van Rijn (1606–1669).

In this print, Barocci demonstrated how an image full of spontaneity, tenderness, and luminosity (qualities very much in harmony with the Baroque aesthetic) could be conveyed through minimal means. The variety of etched marks show the artist striving for the best way to convey the pictorial qualities he desired. The print was copied by Agostino (Italian, 1557–1602) and Annibale Carracci (1560–1609)—and possibily motivated the latter to give up engraving for etching. The print was also admired by Rembrandt, who produced his own version of the subject decades later.


For a trimmed impression, with additional information, see 27.78.1.(196) (Wilton Album, folio 57)
Inscription: Lettered at bottom left: 'F.B.V.F.'
Earls of Pembroke
Bartsch XVII.3.2; Bury 2001, no.43
Adam von Bartsch Le Peintre graveur. Vienna, 1803.

Michael Bury The Print in Italy, 1550-1620. London, 2001.



Related Objects

The Entombment of Christ, after Barocci

Artist: After Federico Barocci (Italian, Urbino ca. 1535–1612 Urbino) Date: after 1573 Medium: Engraving Accession: 1987.1173.10 On view in:Not on view

The Virgin and Christ Child in an Italianate garden with a fountain, lake, pavillion, and villa; the figures are copied from the rest on the return from Egypt by Barocci

Artist: After Federico Barocci (Italian, Urbino ca. 1535–1612 Urbino) Date: after 1582 Medium: Engraving Accession: 62.602.379 On view in:Not on view

St Francis kneeling facing right receiving the stigmata, to his left there is a monk reading

Artist: Federico Barocci (Italian, Urbino ca. 1535–1612 Urbino) Date: 1580–81 Medium: Etching with some engraving Accession: 27.82.2 On view in:Not on view

Wilton album, folio 57a: Saint Francis of Assisi Receiving the Stigmata

Artist: Federico Barocci (Italian, Urbino ca. 1535–1612 Urbino) Date: 1580–81 Medium: Etching Accession: 27.78.1(195) On view in:Not on view

Wilton album, folio 57b: The Virgin and Child Seated on a Cloud

Artist: Federico Barocci (Italian, Urbino ca. 1535–1612 Urbino) Date: 1580–81 Medium: Etching and engraving Accession: 27.78.1(196) On view in:Not on view