"Tumanba Khan, His Wife, and His Nine Sons", Folio from a Chingiznama (Book of Genghis Khan)
Basawan (Indian, active ca. 1556–1600)
Bhim Gujarati (active 1590s)
Folio from an illustrated manuscript
Made in present-day Pakistan, probably Lahore
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Page: 15 x 10 in. (38.1 x 25.4 cm)
Purchase, Francis M. Weld Gift, 1948
Not on view
The text of the Chingiznama records the life of the legendary conqueror Chingiz Khan (Genghis Khan) and his family. The emperor Akbar (r. 1556–1605) commissioned many historical manuscripts in the 1590s, but because the Mughals claimed descent from Genghis Khan, this book must have had particular resonance for him. This illustration depicts the ruler Tumanba Khan, an ancestor of Genghis Khan, with his wife and nine sons.
Inscription: Signature in Persian in nasta‘liq script on border at lower right:
طرح و چهره بساون عمل بهيم گجراتى
Sketch and faces Basawan, work Bhim Gujarati
Marking: Trans.: Sketch and faces by Basawan. Work of Bhim Gujarati.
[ Heeramaneck Galleries, New York, until 1948; sold to MMA]
New York. Visual Arts Gallery. "An Exhibition of Indian Miniatures," April 5, 1972–April 27, 1972, no catalogue.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Indian Art in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," January 18, 1973–April 1, 1973, no catalogue.
New York. Asia Society. "Akbar's India: Art from the Mughal City of Victory," October 10, 1985–January 5, 1986, no. 35.
Ettinghausen, Richard. "Islamic Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol. 33, no. 1 (Spring 1975). p. 42 (color).
Swietochowski, Marie, and Richard Ettinghausen. "Islamic Painting." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., vol. 36, no. 2 (Autumn 1978). pp. 42-43, ill. p. 42 (color).
Brand, Michael. "Art from the Mughal City of Victory." In Akbar's India. New York: Asia Society, 1985. no. 35, pp. 74-75, 145, ill. p. 75 (color).
Okada, Amina. Imperial Mughal Painters: Indian Miniatures from the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Paris: Flammarion, 1992. p. 21, ill. fig. 18, folio 73v color illustration.
Ekhtiar, Maryam, Sheila R. Canby, Navina Haidar, and Priscilla P. Soucek, ed. Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1st ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. 246, pp. 351-352, ill. p. 352 (color).