In the sixteenth century, Ottoman metalworkers developed a novel class of wares fashioned from gilded copper, tombak in Turkish. In addition to religious and domestic articles, tombak was also used for parade armor, especially helmets, shields, and shaffrons, as it was easy to fashion, lightweight, and, above all, colorful. Embossed in low relief in vertical lobes and with a split-leaf arabesque, this helmet is an unusually elaborate example of tombak armor.
Theron J. Damon, Istanbul(until 1925; sold to Dean); Bashford Dean, Riverdale, NY (1925–28; sale, American ArtAssociation, New York, November 23–24, 1928, no. 302, to Duveen for Mackay); Clarence Mackay, Roslyn, NY (1928–d. 1938; his estate, from1938); Leopold and Ruth Blumka, New York (until 1974; gifted to MMA)
Petsopoulos, Yanni, ed. "Decorative Arts from the Ottoman Empire." In Tulips, Arabesques & Turbans. New York: Abbeville Press, 1982. p. 41, ill. pl. 16a (b/w).
Ekhtiar, Maryam, Sheila R. Canby, Navina Haidar, and Priscilla P. Soucek, ed. Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1st ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. 223, pp. 314-315, ill. p. 315 (color).
Alexander, David G., and Stuart W. Pyhrr. "in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." In Islamic Arms and Armor. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2015. p. 10, ill. fig.11 (color).