Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Porphyry vessel with bearded masks

Period:
Early Imperial
Date:
ca. late 1st century B.C.‒early 2nd century A.D.
Culture:
Roman
Medium:
Porphyry
Dimensions:
10 1/16 × 11 13/16 × 9 3/4 in. (25.5 × 30 × 24.8 cm) Diam. of rim: 8 7/8 in. (22.5 cm)
Classification:
Miscellaneous-Stone Vases
Credit Line:
Purchase, Acquisitions Fund, The Jaharis Family Foundation Inc. Gift, Philippe de Montebello Fund, Philodoroi and Renée E. and Robert A. Belfer Gifts, The Bothmer Purchase Fund, and Mr. and Mrs. John A. Moran, Nicholas S. Zoullas, Patricia and Marietta Fried, Jeannette and Jonathan Rosen, Aso O. Tavitian, Leon Levy Foundation and Barbara and Donald Tober Gifts, 2014
Accession Number:
2014.215
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 166
Porphyry vessel shaped like a situla but without the two handles above.
Outsplayed rim, with molding decoration and one groove on interior shoulder below rim; low neck with concave profile; narrow shoulder, sloping downwards; cylindrical body with side curving in at bottom; low base with molding decoration and three curving feet around bottom edge; flat bottom with raised central disk; two horizontal ear-shaped handles; below each handle, a Silenus mask. Each Silenus wears a wreath with leaves and berries and a fillet across his forehead; he has pointed ears, projecting forwards, a broad nose, a bushy moustache, parted lips, and long, flowing beard with drilling between the wavy locks.

In antiquity, porphyry was highly regarded as a royal stone, because its color was associated with the regal and, in Roman times, imperial use of purple to symbolize rank and authority. Since the stone is very hard, making its extraction and transport extremely difficult and costly, its use in sculpture and architecture was very limited. This piece, probably used as a cinerary urn, is one of the finest porphyry vessels to have survived from Classical Antiquity. In shape and decoration, especially with the striking masks of Silenus, it resembles bronze situlae but lacks the two handles above. The closest parallel however is provided by the Angers porphyry situla, acquired by King René of Anjou in 1449 from the Convent of St. Paul at Marseille and given by him soon afterwards to the Cathedral of Angers.
Prior to 1961, acquired by Arturo José López-Willshaw; until 1962, collection of A. J. López-Willshaw, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France; 1962-2010, collection of his wife, Patricia López-Huici de López-Willshaw, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, and Villa La Lopeziana, Saint Tropez; 2010-2012, property of a descendant of Patricia López-Huici de López-Willshaw; October 2012, purchased by Rainer Zietz Ltd., through Christie’s, Paris; [2012-2014, with Rainer Zietz Ltd., London]; acquired in 2014, purchased from Rainer Zietz, Ltd.
Julien, Philippe. 1961. 14 rue du Centre, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Monaco 1961. p. 46, illustrated on pp. 41, 43, Jaspard, Polus et Cie.

Del Bufalo, Dario. 2012. Porphyry. Red Imperial Porphyry. Power and Religion. no. V7, pp. 25, fig. 20b, 138, Turin: Umberto Allemandi & C.

Christie's, Paris. 2012. Collection d'un Amateur, : lot 91, p. 84.

Picón, Carlos A. 2014. "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 2012–2014." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 72(2): p. 11.

Lapatin, Kenneth. 2015. Luxus: The Sumptuous Arts of Greece and Rome. no. 136, pp. 126, 162, 259, pl. 136, Los Angeles, CA: J. Paul Getty Museum.

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