At the Circus: The Spanish Walk (Au Cirque: Le Pas espagnol)

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French, Albi 1864–1901 Saint-André-du-Bois)

Graphite, black and colored pastel, and charcoal on off-white heavy wove paper
13 3/4 x 9 13/16 in. (35 x 25 cm)
Credit Line:
Robert Lehman Collection, 1975
Accession Number:
  • Description

    The grand master of urban entertainments, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec made many paintings and drawings on the circus theme in the late 1880s and 1890s, just as his popularity as a commercial artist soared. Fin-de-siècle Paris hosted an assortment of professional circuses, and Lautrec frequented them all. He was personally drawn to circus performers-those colorful equestrians, animal trainers, clowns and acrobats on society's "fringes." It was while undergoing treatment for alcoholism at a sanitarium on the outskirts of Paris in 1899 that Lautrec produced an ambitious group of crayon/chalk drawings of circus figures. These imaginative sketches were drawn entirely from memory, without recourse to preliminary studies. The Lehman horse and rider perform the "pas espagnol", the ambling gait formalized by the Spanish Riding School of Vienna. It was thanks to these circus drawings that Lautrec earned his release from the sanitarium-their impressive handling convinced doctors of his improving health. As Lautrec left the clinic, he is said to have remarked, "I've bought my release with my drawings."

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Signature: Monogrammed in black crayon at the lower right: HTL.

    Marking: Stamped with estate stamp in red at lower left: HTL.

  • Provenance

    The artist's studio; Maurice Joyant, Paris; Madame D. (?); [M. Knoedler and Co., New York]; Erich Maria Remarque, New York and Ronco, Switzerland, by 1939; to [Paul Rosenberg and Co., New York], through [Walter Feilchenfeldt, Zürich], 9 August 1965. Acquired by Robert Lehman from Rosenberg in November 1965.

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History