Altar Predella and Socle of Archbishop Don Dalmau de Mur y Cervelló

Francí Gomar (Spanish, Aragon, active by 1443–died ca. 1492/3)

ca. 1456–1458
Made in Saragossa, Aragon, Spain
Alabaster with traces of paint and gilding
Overall: 107 x 183 x 26 1/4 in. (271.8 x 464.8 x 66.7 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1909
Accession Number:
  • Description

    This massive structure, extending across five bays on two levels, was commissioned by don Dalmau de Mur y Cervelló, archbishop of Saragossa from 1434 to 1458/9, for an altar in the chapel of the archiepiscopal palace. The upper level (intended as the predella for the altarpiece or retable) contains five scenes: Saint Martin or Tours dividing his cloak with a beggar and Christ appearing to him in a dream (left panels); the Descent of the Holy Spirit (center panel); and Saint Thecla listening to the preaching of Paul (far right panel) and, after her conversion, being saved by divine intervention from burning fire (second panel from right). Each of the two outer panels on the lower left (or socle) shows a bearded figure carrying the coat of arms of the archbishop. The central shield on the reconstructed altar, festooned against a cross, depicts the Arma Christi (the instruments associated with the Crucifixion).

    The structure is made of alabaster, a soft yet compact stone with a translucent glow. The workability of the material allowed the sculptor, Francí Gomar, to create exquisite details. Only a few traces of the original painting and gilding remain. According to a 1458 contract, the painter Tomás Giner (active 1458-80) was commissioned to paint and gild panels intended to stand above the predella. The unusual combination of painted altarpieces with a stone predella may have been necessary measure to speed completion o the ensemble before the archbishop's death.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Marking: Arms (on shield of figure on right and left socle panel; on right and left panel of altar): Arms of Archbishop Don Dalmau de Mur y Cervelló
    (central shield on alter): Arma Christi

  • Provenance

    From the chapel of the archbishop's palace at Zaragossa; [ Galleries Trotti & Cie, Paris (sold 1909)]; J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (1909)

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History