Jardin de Paris (Design for a Poster)

Pablo Picasso (Spanish, Malaga 1881–1973 Mougins, France )

Ink and watercolor on paper
25 1/2 x 19 1/2in. (64.8 x 49.5cm) 35 x 28 1/2 x 1 1/2 in. (88.9 x 72.4 x 3.8 cm) (Frame)
Credit Line:
Gift of Raymonde Paul, in memory of her brother, C. Michael Paul, 1982
Accession Number:
1982.179.17a, b
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2014 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
  • Description

    As a young artist, Picasso availed himself of every opportunity for commercial work. During his early stays in Paris, he lived and worked in Montmartre, the locus of nocturnal pleasures both innocent and guilty. The streets were plastered with posters for the big dance halls-Le Moulin Rouge, Le Moulin de la Galette-as well as smaller cafés.

    Picasso executed this design for Le Jardin de Paris, a Parisian dance hall, as a speculative bid. Located near the Champs Elysées, Le Jardin de Paris was the summer outpost of Le Moulin Rouge and was likewise managed by the Catalan Josep Oller (1839-1922). Borrowing from the imagery of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Picasso also adopted Lautrec's signature tonal shading, here achieved by flicking a brush. Given that Lautrec was gravely ill and had stopped working, Picasso may have hoped to position himself as his successor. However, Oller did not buy the design, and a short time later, Picasso reused the back of this work to sketch preliminary compositions for the "The Mourners" (private collection) and "The Burial of Casagemas" (Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris), dedicated to his late friend Carles Casagemas, in whose apartment he was living and whose mistress, Germaine (Laure Gargallo), was now his own.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Signature: Signed in ink, lower right: -¦Picasso¦-

    Inscription: Inscribed, at top: - JARDIN / PARIS -
    Verso: Study for "The Mourners" and "Evocation (Burial of Casagemas)." Paris, Summer or early Autumn 1901, charcoal

  • Exhibition History

    Paris. Galerie Käte Perls. "Picasso, 1900 à 1910: Exposition de tableaux, aquarelles, dessins," June 15–July 15, 1937, no. 5.

    New York. Perls Galleries. "For the Young Collector: Exhibition of Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings by Picasso, Utrillo, Raoul Dufy, Rouault and Other Modern French Painters," October–November 1937, no. 2.

    New York. Perls Galleries. "The School of Paris: Modern French Paintings "for the Young Collector"," September 12–October 22, 1938, no. 4.

    Art Institute of Chicago. "The Eighteenth International Exhibition, Water Colors, Pastels, Drawings, and Monotypes," March 23–May 14, 1939, no. 135.

    Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," November 15, 1939–January 7, 1940, no. 14.

    Art Institute of Chicago. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," February 1–March 5, 1940, no. 14.

    City Art Museum of Saint Louis. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," March 16–April 14, 1940, no. 14.

    Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," April 26–May 25, 1940, no. 14.

    Richmond. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. "Collection of Walter P. Chrysler Jr.," January 16–March 4, 1941, no. 194.

    Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Collection of Walter P. Chrysler Jr.," March 29–May 11, 1941, no. 194.

    Kunstmuseum Bern. "Der Junge Picasso: Frühwerk und Blaue Periode," December 6, 1984–February 17, 1985, no. 114.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Selection Two," June 4–September 2, 1985, no catalogue.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "60 Drawings," October 23, 1990–January 15, 1991, no catalogue.

    Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "Pleasures of Paris: Daumier to Picasso," June 5–September 1, 1991, no. 149.

    New York. IBM Gallery of Science and Art. "Pleasures of Paris: Daumier to Picasso," October 15–December 28, 1991, no. 149.

    Paris. Museé Picasso. "Paris 1901–1909: Chefs d'oeuvre du Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," October 21, 1998–January 25, 1999, unnumbered cat. (fig. 6).

    National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. March 20–June 12, 2005, no. 174.

    Art Institute of Chicago. July 16–October 10, 2005, no. 174.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Picasso in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 27–August 1, 2010, no. 14.

    Barcelona. Museu Picasso. "Eating Fire: Picasso's Discovery of Paris (1900 1907)," June 29–October 16, 2011, unnumbered cat. (pl. 35).

  • References

    "Picasso's Le Jardin de Paris." Arts and Decoration 49 (January 1939), p. 7, ill.

    Alfred M. Frankfurter. "341 Documents of Modern Art: The Chrysler Collection." Art News 39 (January 18, 1941), p. 12, ill.

    Alfred H. Barr Jr. Picasso: Fifty Years of His Art. New York, 1946, p. 20, ill.

    Christian Zervos. Pablo Picasso. Vol. 6, "Supplément aux volumes 1 à 5." Paris, 1954, p. 45, no. 367, ill.

    Frank Elgar and Robert Maillard. Picasso: A Study of His Work. New York, 1956, pp. 10, 13.

    Pierre Daix and Georges Boudaille. Picasso: The Blue and Rose Periods: A Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings, 1900–1906. Greenwich, Conn., 1967, p. 145, no. IV.15, ill.

    Douglas Cooper. Picasso Theatre. New York, 1968, p. 341, fig. 23.

    Josep Palau i Fabre. Picasso: The Early Years, 1881–1907. New York, 1981, pp. 234, 534, no. 590, ill.

    Gary Tinterow et al. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 8, Modern Europe. New York, 1987, pp. 80–81, ill.

    John Richardson with the collaboration of Marilyn McCully. A Life of Picasso. Vol. 1, 1881–1906. New York, 1991, p. 201.

    Marilyn McCully, ed. Picasso: The Early Years, 1892 1906. Exh. cat., National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. Washington, D.C., 1997, p. 36, fig. 22.

    Brigitte Léal et al. The Ultimate Picasso. New York, 2000, pp. 40–41, 502, fig. 50.

    Julia May Boddewyn in Michael FitzGerald. Picasso and American Art. Exh. cat., Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, 2006, pp. 346–48, 350, 356.

  • See also