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John Marin and Alfred Stieglitz

Marius de Zayas (Mexican, Veracruz 1880–1961 Stamford, Connecticut)

ca. 1912–13
Charcoal and graphite on paper
24 3/4 x 18 5/8 in. (62.9 x 47.3 cm)
Credit Line:
Alfred Stieglitz Collection, 1949
Accession Number:
  • Description

    John Marin and Alfred Stieglitz is one of several double-portraits by de Zayas. The image of Rodin and Steichen reproduced in Camera Work (in the nearby vitrine) is another. Both were included in de Zayas's third, and last, one-man show at "291," in April-May 1913, where he exhibited eighteen large caricatures that he categorized as either "absolute" (abstract) or "relative" (representational); these two qualified as the latter. The pairings he chose allowed him to comment upon some of the internal alliances within the Stieglitz circle. In this case, Stieglitz, looking robust and self-satisfied, stands next to the sharply angled figure of his good friend John Marin (1870-1953), a master watercolorist whose work he heartily promoted. As in their personal and professional lives, the two seem tethered by a line that here runs from the top of Stieglitz's head to the tip of Marin's nose and back to Stieglitz's pocket.

  • Exhibition History

    New York. The Little Gallery at "291". "An Exhibition of Caricatures, Absolute and Relative, by Marius de Zayas," 1913, no. 13.

    Philadelphia Museum of Art. "History of an American, Alfred Stieglitz: "291" and After," 1944, no. 163.

    New York. The Museum of Modern Art. "Alfred Stieglitz Exhibition: His Collection," 1947, no. 111.

    The Art Institute of Chicago. "Alfred Stieglitz: His Photographs and His Collection," 1948, no. 92.

    Lawrence, Kansas. Spencer Museum of Art. "Marius de Zayas: Conjurer of Souls," September 27–November 8, 1981, no. 22 (illus. in black and white p. 103, mentioned p. 33).

    Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Marius de Zayas: Conjurer of Souls," December 18, 1981–February 14, 1982, no. 22.

    New York. Center for Inter-American Relations. "Marius de Zayas: Conjurer of Souls," March 2–April 4, 1982, no. 22.

    Mexico City. Centro Cultural Arte Contemporaneo. "Octavio Paz: los privilegios de la visita," March 15–June 1990, no. 85.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art "Marius de Zayas: A Mexican in New York"; September 13, 1990 - March 1991

    Philadelphia. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. "To Be Modern: American Encounters with Cezanne and Company," June 15–September 29, 1996, no. 9.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "John Marin's New York: 1910-1936," August 23–November 9, 1997.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Marius de Zayas & The Stieglitz Circle," March 19–June 27, 2004, no catalogue.

  • References

    Doulgas Hyland. "Conjurer of Souls." Marius de Zayas. Exh. cat., Spencer Museum of Art. Lawrence, Kansas, 1981, p. 33, ill. p. 103.

    Stieglitz, Alfred. "Camera Work", ed. 1914, no XLVI, illus. pl. p. 27

    Turner, Elizabeth Hutton. Georgia O'Keeffe: The Poetry of Things. exh. cat. Yale University Press, 1999. pg. 6, fig. 7 illus. in black and white

    Tilkin, Danielle, et al. New York et L'Art Moderne: Alfred Stieglitz et son Cercle (1905-1930), Editions de la Reunion des musees nationaux, Paris,
    2004. p. 75, no. 26, illustrated.