Marius de Zayas (Mexican, Veracruz 1880–1961 Stamford, Connecticut)
Charcoal and graphite on paper
24 3/4 x 18 5/8 in. (62.9 x 47.3 cm)
Alfred Stieglitz Collection, 1949
Not on view
John Marin and Alfred Stieglitz is one of several double-portraits by de Zayas. The image of Rodin and Steichen reproduced in Camera Work (in the nearby vitrine) is another. Both were included in de Zayas's third, and last, one-man show at "291," in April-May 1913, where he exhibited eighteen large caricatures that he categorized as either "absolute" (abstract) or "relative" (representational); these two qualified as the latter. The pairings he chose allowed him to comment upon some of the internal alliances within the Stieglitz circle. In this case, Stieglitz, looking robust and self-satisfied, stands next to the sharply angled figure of his good friend John Marin (1870-1953), a master watercolorist whose work he heartily promoted. As in their personal and professional lives, the two seem tethered by a line that here runs from the top of Stieglitz's head to the tip of Marin's nose and back to Stieglitz's pocket.
the artist (to Stieglitz); Alfred Stieglitz, New York (probably 1913–d. 1946; his estate, 1946–49; gift to MMA)
New York. 291. "An Exhibition of Caricatures, Absolute and Relative, by Marius de Zayas of New York," April 8–May 20, 1913, no. 13.
Philadelphia. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. "Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings Showing the Later Tendencies in Art," April 16–May 15, 1921, no. 211 (lent by Alfred Stieglitz).
New York. An American Place. "Beginnings and Landmarks: "291," 1905–1917," October 27–December 27, 1937, no. 51 (dated 1912).
Philadelphia Museum of Art. "History of an American, Alfred Stieglitz: '291' and After, Selections from the Stieglitz Collection," July 1–November 1, 1944, no. 163 (dated 1913).
Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Alfred Stieglitz Exhibition: His Collection," June 10–August 31, 1947, no catalogue (checklist no. 111; dated 1913).
Art Institute of Chicago. "Alfred Stieglitz: His Photographs and His Collection," February 2–29, 1948, extended to March 7, 1948, no catalogue (checklist no. 92; dated 1913).
Museum of Modern Art, New York. "From the Alfred Stieglitz Collection: An Extended Loan from the Metropolitan Museum of Art," May 22–August 12, 1951, no catalogue (checklist no. E.L.51.708; loan extended to June 9, 1958).
Lawrence. Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas. "Marius de Zayas: Conjurer of Souls," September 27–November 8, 1981, no. 22.
Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Marius de Zayas: Conjurer of Souls," December 18, 1981 – February 14, 1982, no. 22.
New York. Center for Inter-American Relations. "Marius de Zayas: Conjurer of Souls," March 2 – April 4, 1982, no. 22.
Mexico City. Centro Cultural Arte Contemporáneo. "Octavio Paz: Los Privilegios de la Vista," March–June 1990, no. 85.
Philadelphia. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. "To Be Modern: American Encounters with Cézanne and Company," June 15–September 29, 1996, no. 9.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Marius de Zayas & Stieglitz Circle," March 19–June 27, 2004, no catalogue.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Stieglitz and His Artists: Matisse to O'Keeffe," October 13, 2011–January 2, 2012, no. 250.
R. Du Bois. "Review of de Zayas exhibit at 291." Arts and Decoration (1913), (reprinted in "Camera Work," no. 42–43, April–July 1913, publ. November 1913, p. 65).
William B. McCormick. "Review." New York Press (1913), (reprinted in "Camera Work," no. 42–43, April–July 1913, publ. November 1913, p. 51).
Samuel Swift. "[Review]." Sun (New York) (1913), (Reprinted in "Camera Work," no. 42–43, April–July 1913, publ. November 1913, p. 54).
Camera Work no. 46 (April 1914 [publ. October 1914]), pl. 2.
William Murrell. A History of American Graphic Humor. Vol. 1, 1747–1865. New York, 1933, pp. xiii, 4–5, fig. 2.
Craig R. Bailey. "The Art of Marius de Zayas." Arts Magazine 53 (September 1978), pp. 138–39, ill.
Willard Bohn. "The Abstract Vision of Marius de Zayas." Art Bulletin 62 (September 1980), pp. 437–38.
Douglas Hyland. Marius de Zayas: Conjurer of Souls. Exh. cat., Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas. Lawrence, Kansas, 1981, pp. 33, 39, 102, no. 22, ill. p. 103.
Steven Watson. Strange Bedfellows: The First American Avant-Garde. New York, 1991, p. 73, ill.
Elizabeth Hutton Turner. Georgia O'Keeffe: The Poetry of Things. Exh. cat., Phillips Collection. Washington, D. C., 1999, pp. 6, 142 n. 31, fig. 7.
Sarah Greenough. Alfred Stieglitz: The Key Set. The Alfred Stieglitz Collection of Photographs. New York, 2002, pp. xxvii–xxviii, figs. 12, 22.
Lisa Mintz Messinger inStieglitz and His Artists: Matisse to O'Keeffe. The Alfred Stieglitz Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Ed. Lisa Mintz Messinger. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2011, pp.219, 232, 234, 290, no. 250, ill. (color).
Rachel Mustalish inStieglitz and His Artists: Matisse to O'Keeffe. The Alfred Stieglitz Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Ed. Lisa Mintz Messinger. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2011, pp. 234–35.
Artist: Marius de Zayas (Mexican, Veracruz 1880–1961 Stamford, Connecticut)Date: ca. 1908–9Medium: Recto: Charcoal and graphite on paper
Verso: Charcoal on paperAccession: 49.70.217a, bOn view in:Not on view