Exhibitions/ Art Object

Morning Gown (Rock)

Date:
1725–75
Culture:
Japan, for Dutch market
Medium:
Silk (resist-dyed and painted); silk lining and filling
Dimensions:
length (including collar): 68.9 in (175 cm) width: 73.6 in (187 cm) width (from the sleeve up to and including the shawl collar): 37.2 in (94.5 cm)
Classification:
Textiles
Credit Line:
Centraal Museum, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Not on view
In 1641 the Dutch received a highly profitable privilege: they became the only European power permitted by the shogunate to trade with Japan. This fashionable morning gown, with a pattern featuring auspicious drawstring money bags, was made in Japan especially for Dutch traders who acquired such garments as gifts for high-level Dutch East India Company executives. Wider than typical Japanese silks, the fabric may have been a Chinese import. In construction, rocken resemble Japanese kimonos, as both lack shoulder seams and have two long pieces of cloth extended unbroken over the shoulders, comprising the right and the left sides. The sleeves, however, are attached to the robe in a manner more typical of Western dress.
Baroness L. van Ittersum-Gregory, The Haque, Netherlands Donated by the above to the present owner, 1937
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