Craig Goch, Moel Hebog, North Wales

Artist: Cornelius Varley (British, London 1781–1873 London)

Date: ca. 1802

Medium: Watercolor over graphite

Dimensions: sheet: 6 7/16 x 14 3/8 in. (16.4 x 36.5 cm)

Classification: Drawings

Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1973

Accession Number: 1973.83


Cornelius Varley (brother of the better-known watercolor teacher John Varley, whose distinguished pupils included John Linnell, David Cox, and William Turner of Oxford) took a bold approach to sketching in the landscape. Whereas earlier generations of British painters had sought topographical accuracy, Varley privileged color, emotion, atmosphere, and spontaneity. His resulting attempts to capture fleeting moments out-of-doors have an appealing, proto-modern abstraction. The present view, probably made during a trip to Wales in 1802, records a sunrise using a few well-placed strokes of watercolor. Regrettably, it would have few successors: by the end of the decade, Varley would redirect his passion for observation to the invention and improvement of optical instruments.