Folio from a Qur'an Manuscript

Object Name: Folio from a non-illustrated manuscript

Date: late 8th–early 9th century

Geography: Made in Central Islamic Lands

Medium: Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on parchment

Dimensions: Ht. 11 1/8 in. (28.3 cm)
W. 9 1/2 in. (24.1 cm)

Classification: Codices

Credit Line: Gift of Adrienne Minassian, in memory of Dr. Richard Ettinghausen, 1979

Accession Number: 1979.201


This eighth- or ninth-century Qur'an was written in a script that is characterized by a rightward slant and by the shape of the vowel ya' in the terminal position, which turns backward to underline the letters that precede it. Like other early Qur'an manuscripts, the writing here omits consonant points (i'jam), making it difficult for the reader to distinguish between letters with similar forms. Red dots indicate short vowels, and a series of short diagonal black strokes act as verse markers.