Textile, Design 104

Designer: Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright (American, Richland Center, Wisconsin 1867–1959 Phoenix, Arizona)

Maker: F. Schumacher & Co. (1889–present)

Date: 1955–62

Geography: Made in New York, New York, United States

Culture: American

Medium: Silk, rayon

Dimensions: 88 x 49 3/4 in. (223.5 x 126.4 cm)

Classification: Textiles

Credit Line: Purchase, Charles L. and Jane D. Kaufmann Gift, 1991

Accession Number: 1991.131

Rights and Reproduction: © 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York


Although Wright had always designed the custom interior furnishings for his architectural projects, it was not until 1955 that he produced a wide range of commercially available items for the home. In that year he created a furniture line for the Heritage-Henredon Furniture Company and a complementary group of textiles and wallpapers, called the Taliesin Line, for F. Schumacher and Company. These uniquely modern furnishings were priced to be accessible to the average consumer. However, most "average consumers" were not familiar with Wright's design vocabulary and did not respond favorably to patterns that seemed radical for the time. Neither the furniture nor the fabric and wallpaper were commercial successes.

The Museum has been collecting examples of this now-rare fabric since the 1970s. One of the most beautiful of the patterns, shown here in a detail, is Design 104. It was produced in seven different colors (this example is "wood brown") and cost $6.75 per yard. The abstract modular design of circles and pointed ellipses was based on the floor plans of homes Wright created in the early 1950s for his sons, Robert Llewellyn and David.