Medallion with the Face of Christ

Date: ca. 1380–1400

Geography: Made in Lands of the Teutonic Knights, present-day Poland

Culture: Polish

Medium: Baltic amber with traces of paint

Dimensions: Overall: 3 1/4 x 1 5/16 in. (8.2 x 3.3 cm)

Classification: Lapidary Work-Amber

Credit Line: The Cloisters Collection, 2011

Accession Number: 2011.503


The European medieval amber trade was controlled by the Teutonic Knights, whose castles dominated the Baltic coast. Their lands abutted the lands of the Bohemian crown and fell within the boundaries of the Holy Roman Empire under Charles IV. Amber carvers working under the authority of the Teutonic Knights are recorded at Gdansk as early as 1350 and at Malbork Castle by 1399.