"Four Portraits: (upper left) A Raja (Perhaps Raja Sarang Rao), by Balchand; (upper right) 'Inayat Khan, by Daulat; (lower left) 'Abd al-Khaliq, probably by Balchand; (lower right) Jamal Khan Qaravul, by Murad", Folio from the Shah Jahan Album

Artist: Painting by Balachand (active 1595–ca. 1650)

Artist: Painting by Daulat (active ca. 1595–1635)

Artist: Painting by Murad

Object Name: Album leaf

Date: recto: ca. 1610–15; verso: ca. 1541

Geography: Attributed to India

Medium: Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper

Dimensions: Overall page: Ht. 15 3/16 in. (38.6 cm)
W. 10 3/16 in. (25.9 cm)
Painting inside border: Ht. 11 1/2 in. (29.2 cm)
W. 8 7/8 in. (22.5 cm)
All four portraits: Ht. 10 7/8 in. (27.6 cm)
W. 5 3/16 in. (13.2 cm)
Portrait (top left): Ht. 5 5/16 in. (13.5 cm)
W. 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm)
Portrait (top right): Ht. 5 5/8 in. (14.3 cm)
W. 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm)
Portrait (bottom left): Ht. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm)
W. 2 1/4 in. (5.7 cm)
Portrait (bottom right): Ht. 4 7/16 in. (11.3 cm)
W. 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm)

Classification: Codices

Credit Line: Purchase, Rogers Fund and The Kevorkian Foundation Gift, 1955

Accession Number:


These portraits were made for Jahangir (r. 1605–27), whose painters, while technically flawless, were able to reveal the nuances of characterization. 'Inayat Khan, a favorite courtier, is remembered today from two portraits made as he lay at death’s door, emaciated from his addiction to opium and wine, though here he appears healthy. 'Abd al-Khaliq met his death after siding with Shah Jahan against his father. Jamal Khan Qaravul was a minor nobleman, and the identification of the raja, in Jahangir’s handwriting, is illegible.