Albert Pinkham Ryder American

On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 774

This landscape is surprisingly modern in its simplified details, flattened forms, and patterned composition. A shepherd and animals of the sort that had appeared in Ryder’s earlier, Barbizon influenced paintings are here overwhelmed by the setting’s stylized elements: a stream rushing along a rigid diagonal, sinuous hills filling the middle ground, and clouds rising in contrasting bands and culminating in undulating deep-blue shapes outlined in light. Works such as this one prompted the avant-garde painter Marsden Hartley, born thirty years after Ryder, to call him a “master of the arabesque.”

Landscape, Albert Pinkham Ryder (American, New Bedford, Massachusetts 1847–1917 Elmhurst, New York), Oil on canvas, American

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