Pillow cover, Candace Wheeler (American, Delhi, New York 1827–1923 New York), Wool twill embroidered with wool and silk thread, silk velvet border, American

Pillow cover

Candace Wheeler (American, Delhi, New York 1827–1923 New York)
ca. 1876–77
Made in New York, New York, United States
Wool twill embroidered with wool and silk thread, silk velvet border
22 x 22 1/2 in. (55.9 x 57.2 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Candace Pullman Wheeler, 2002
Accession Number:
Not on view
Designed by Wheeler soon after her return from the 1876 Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia, this pillow cover is embroidered with Madonna lilies nearly identical to those on a curtain border exhibited there by London's Royal School of Needlework. English precedents supplied not only patterns but also the stitches and fabrics that Wheeler adopted early in her career. Made of a rough wool twill (bordered with silk velvet), this cover is embroidered mainly with wool yarn in a traditional crewel stitch. In its studied simplicity it echoes the early embroidery work of English designer William Morris. A proponent of the Arts and Crafts movement, Morris experimented with natural dyes and a variety of stitches to create works that evoked those of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the golden age of English embroidery.
This is a gift from Candace Wheeler's great grand-niece, Candace Pullman Wheeler. She found it among family materials collected and saved by her mother, Caroline Stevenson Pullman. Caroline Stevenson Pullman inherited the materials from her mother, Candace Thurber Stevenson, who was the daughter of Abner Dunham Thurber, Candace Wheeler's brother.