Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Part of the marble stele (grave marker) of Kalliades

Period:
Archaic
Date:
550–525 BC
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Marble
Dimensions:
21 1/2in. (54.6cm)
Other (height without tenon): 20 7/8 in. (53 cm)
Other (median thickness): 6 in. × 15 3/4 in. (15.2 × 40 cm)
Width (top): 14 3/4 in. (37.5 cm)
Width (bottom): 15 9/16 in. (39.5 cm)
Classification:
Stone Sculpture
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1955
Accession Number:
55.11.4
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 172
A fleeing Gorgon decorates this tapering, predella-looking slab, part of the grave stele of Kalliades, as we learn from the inscription carved in three lines from left to right below the Gorgon’s left knee: "Kalliades, son of Thoutimides".
The Gorgon, dressed in a short chiton, spreads her wings wide and moves her arms and legs forcefully as she rushes through air. Her head and upper torso are rendered frontally, while her lower torso and legs are shown in profile and bent at the knees in the so-called "knie-lauf" schema, an iconographic convention frequently employed in Archaic Art to denote speed. Mythological creatures like gorgons and sphinxes often functioned as apotropaic images that protected the grave.
Inscription: "Thoutimides"
Said to be from Spata in Attica, Greece

[Until 1955, with Nicolas Koutoulakis, Geneva and Paris]; acquired in 1955, purchased from N. Koutoulakis.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1958. "Greek Marble Sculptures." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 16(6): pp. 187–88.

Metropolitan Museum of Art, Tokyo National Museum, and Kyoto Municipal Museum. 1972. Treasured Masterpieces of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 32, fig. 32, Tokyo: Tokyo National Museum.

Woysch-Méautis, Daphné. 1982. La Représentation des Animaux et des êtres Fabuleux sur les Monuments Funéraires Grecs: de l'époque archaïque à la fin du IVe siècle av. J.-C., Cahiers d'archéologie romande de la Bibliothèque historique vaudoise, No. 21. no. 361, p. 134, pl. 60, Lausanne: Bibliothèque Historique Vaudoise.

Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC). 1988. Vol. 4: Eros-Herakles. "Gorgo, Gorgones," p. 306, no. 238b, pl. 178, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.

Bodel, John P. and Stephen Tracy. 1997. Greek and Latin Inscriptions in the USA : A Checklist. p. 184, Rome: The American Academy in Rome.

Stampolidis, Professor Nicholas Chr. and Stavroula Oikonomou. 2014. Beyond: Death and Afterlife in Ancient Greece. no. 40, p. 107, Athens: Museum of Cycladic Art.

Lazzarini, Lorenzo and Dr. Clemente Marconi. 2014. "A New Analysis of Major Greek Sculptures in the Metropolitan Museum: Petrological and Stylistic." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 49: p. 119, 130, 138–39, fig. 5, Appendix.

Karoglou, Kyriaki. 2018. "Dangerous Beauty : Medusa in Classical Art." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 75(3): p. 8, fig. 5.

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