Glass beaker with victorious charioteer, Glass, Roman, Eastern Mediterranean

Glass beaker with victorious charioteer

Late Imperial
4th century A.D.
Roman, Eastern Mediterranean
Glass; blown and cut
H. 4 1/4 in. (10.8 cm)
diameter 3 7/8 in. (9.9 cm)
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1959
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 168
Colorless with olive green tinge.
Vertical, uneven rim; body tapering downwards with slight convex curving side; rounded bottom.
Below rim, a pair of conjoining horizontal wheel-cut grooves; another pair of grooves near top of body framing a wheel-abraded Greek inscription; below this, a wide band decorated with a quadriga racing to left towards two figures holding victory palms; behind the chariot is a building with three spires or gabled turrets and another palm; below the ground line, a band of wheel-abraded close-set diagonal lines and around the bottom another band of widely-spaced diagonal lines. In two places errors have been made in carving the inscription.
Broken and restored from fragments with more than half missing; few bubbles; little weathering.

The cut decoration commemorates a victorious charioteer in his quadriga. His name, Eutych[ides], is inscribed in Greek. His horses are also named, and three of the four are still legible: Arethousios (named after a famous, fast-flowing stream), Neilos (the River Nile), and Pyripnous (Fire-breather).
Inscription: Charioteer's name, Eutyches or Eutychides, inscribed in Greek, as are the horses's names.
Said to be from Egypt

Smith, Ray Winfield. 1949. "The Significance of Roman Glass." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 8(2): p. 56.

Weitzmann, Kurt. 1979. Age of Spirituality: Late Antique and Early Christian Art, Third to Seventh Century no. 90, pp. 99-100, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Caron, Beaudoin. 1997. "Roman Figure-Engraved Glass in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 32: no. 2, pp. 19, 22–24, figs. 8–12.

Arveiller-Dulong, Véronique. 2000. "Flacon de verre gravé au Musée du Louvre." Annales du 14e Congrès de l'Association Internationale pour l'Histoire du Verre,Venezia-Milano 1998. p. 123, fig. 5 , Lochem: Association internationale pour l'histoire du verre.

Sorabella, Jean. 2001. "A Roman Sarcophagus and its Patron." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 36: p. 56.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome. no. 444, pp. 379, 492, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Marsengill, Katherine. 2011. "Beaker." Transition to Christianity: Art of Late Antiquity, 3rd to 7th Century, Anastasia Lazaridou, ed. no. 55, p. 108, New York: The Alexander S. Onassis Public Benefit Foundation (USA), Inc.