Pen and brown ink, red-brown wash, over black chalk, heightened with a little white gouache
7 5/8 x 5 11/16 in. (19.4 x 14.4 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1961
Not on view
This is the preliminary drawing for the third print in the series of seasons which Goltzius published around 1594. The strong pen and ink outlines and the tonal values indicated with wash were meant to guide the engraver, who was expected to translate the washes into patterns of burin lines. Jan Saenredam, who worked for Goltzius from around 1589 to 1601, was most likely the engraver of the print. Autumn is represented here by figures dressed in sixteenth-century garb. The wreath of vines on the head of the boy on the right, and the pointed ear of the man in the center (which is more pronounced in the final print), indicate that they are Bacchus, the ancient god of wine, and a satyr.
Signature: At right, on the barrel, monogrammed "HC" in pen and brown ink
Nicolas Beets (Dutch); Henry Scipio Reitlinger (British); sale, Sotheby's, London (British), June 22-23, 1954, part of lot 657(sold to J.N. Streep); Vendor: Robert M. Light & Co., Inc
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Dutch Drawings of the Seventeenth Century in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 10, 1985–June 9, 1985.
Bernard Houthakker Dessins exposés chez Bernard Houthakker. August 1954, cat. no. 25b.
Sotheby's, London Catalogue of Old Master Drawings of the Dutch and Flemish Schools. 1954, cat. no. 657.
Frits Lugt Les marques de collections de dessins et d'estampes... Supplément. The Hague, 1956, cat. no. 2274a, p. 336.
E. K. J. Reznicek Die Zeichnungen von Hendrick Goltzius. Utrecht, 1961, cat. no. vol 1:156, vol 1: p.300.
Georges Wildenstein "La Chronique des Arts." in La Gazette des Beaux-Arts. vols. 1120-1121, May-June 1962, 14.
Jacob Bean 100 European Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York Graphic Society, New York, 1964, cat. no. 83, ill.
Frima Fox Hofrichter Haarlem: The Seventeenth Century. Exh. cat. Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers University, Rutgers, NJ, 1983, cat. no. 52, ill.
Helen Bobritzky Mules "Dutch Drawings of the Seventeenth Century in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 42, no. 4, New York, 1985, p. 7, ill.
Jan Piet Filedt Kok "Hendrick Goltzius: Engraver, Designer and Publisher 1582-1600." in Nederlands Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek. vols. 42-43, Zwolle, 1993, cat. no. 136.
E. K. J. Reznicek "Drawings by Hendrick Goltzius, thirty Years Later: Supplement to the 1961 catalogue raisonné." in Master Drawings. vol. 31, no. 3, Autumn 1993, cat. no. A 303-304.