Maximilian I

Lucas van Leyden Netherlandish

Not on view

This sensitive portrayal of the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, produced in commemoration of his death in 1519, is one of Lucas's most technically innovative works. It demonstrates how, for the first time in Northern Europe, an artist combined the techniques of etching and engraving. Etching allowed Lucas greater freedom of draftsmanship, but at the time the print was made, its use as a printmaking technique was still rather new. He therefore turned to engraving in the areas that required greater precision. Thus, the artist engraved Maximilian's face with very fine, sharp lines, but the less rigid, wavering, and slightly more animated strokes in the rest of the composition were etched.

Maximilian I, Lucas van Leyden (Netherlandish, Leiden ca. 1494–1533 Leiden), Etching and engraving

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