Originally this armor would have included a matching helmet, arm defenses, and gauntlets. Although finely decorated, it was designed for practical use and probably belonged to a courtier serving in the armies of the Habsburg Empire. Its inventive and lively designs, particularly the winged cherub heads on the knees, embody the fruitful cooperation between armorers and etchers at the time. Early sixteenth-century armor with large-scale figural ornament is so rare that nothing closely comparable to the present example has appeared on the art market since the 1920s. Although unsigned, this armor falls closely within the circle of Kolman and Desiderius Helmschmid and Matthias Frauenpreiss, leading Augsburg armorers who worked for the imperial court, and the notable etchers associated with them, such as Daniel Hopfer.
The armor comprises a globose breastplate with medial ridge and turned and roped borders at neck and outer edges of the movable gussets; pivoted waist plate with single skirt lame attached. On the skirt lame there are two turning pins to attach the fauld, consisting of three lames, and upper tassets, consisting of five lames. On the lowest lame of each upper tasset there are two turning pins to attach the lower tassets, consisting of seven lames. The upper edges of the skirt, fauld, and tasset lames are cusped. The arch at the center of the lowest fauld lame is turned and roped, as are the bottom edges of the knee lames. At the top of each gusset there is a double buckle for a shoulder strap. There are two holes for a lance rest on the proper right side of the breastplate and a pair of lacing holes at the center top of the breastplate just below the roped border. The center of each knee lame features a large winged cherub head represented in low relief with complex etched detailing in the face and feathers. A leaf motif repeats across the top of the breastplate, along the gussets, and across the bottom edge of the knee lames above the roped border. This motif consists of a sunken recurved band decorated with etched circles, forming the midrib of the leaf, surrounded by cusped and curly lobes represented in etching with a dotted ground. The outer edges of each skirt, fauld, and tasset lame have a three-part border formed by a plain sunken band, a repeating raised semicircle filled with an etched leaf pattern, and an incised roping pattern.
Gustavus William Hamilton-Russel, 9th Viscount Boyne, Brancepeth Castle, Durham, United Kingdom (until 1922; his sale, Sotheby's, London, November 23–24, 1922, no. 219, for £ 65, to Fenton); [Fenton & Sons, London, 1922–1923; sale, Christie's, London, April 17, 1923, no. 11, to William Permain probably for Hearst); William Randolph Hearst, New York (1923–d. 1951); Stephen V. Grancsay, New York (by 1956–at least 1973; sold to Ricketts); [Howard Ricketts, London, after 1973; sold to Powers]; [Brian M. Powers, Los Gatos, Calif., after 1973; sold to Vaule]; [Eric Vaule, Bridgewater, Conn., until 1999; sold to a private collector]; private collection, United States (1999–2013; sold to MMA).
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Arms and Armor: Notable Acquisitions 2003–2014," November 11, 2014–December 6, 2015.
Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge. Catalogue of Armour and Weapons Comprising the Property of R.C. Clephan, and of the Viscount Boyne, Brancepeth Castle, Durham. London: Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, November 22–23, 1922. no. 219, ill.
Christie, Manson & Woods. Catalogue of a Collection of Arms and Armour: The Property of a Gentleman. London: Christie, Manson & Woods, April 17, 1923. no. 11, ill. (frontispiece).
Cripps-Day, Francis Henry. A Record of Armour Sales, 1881–1924. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1925. p. 260, fig. 202.
Allentown Art Museum, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, and John Woodman Higgins Armory. Arms and Armor: A Loan Exhibition from the Collection of Stephen V. Grancsay: with Important Contributions by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, and the John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts: March 15–June 14, 1964. Allentown, Pa.: Allentown Art Museum, March 15, 1964–June 14, 1964. pp. 40, 44, no. 67, ill.